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History

History

Sierra Vista is at the heart of a region steeped in a rich and colorful history.

As you take in the majestic beauty of the Huachuca Mountains you are looking at the home of the world famous Buffalo Soldiers.

Established as a military post in 1877, and declared a National Historic Landmark a century later, the Main Gate of Fort Huachuca leads directly into Sierra Vista’s West End district, the original part of the city.

It was here, at historic Fort Huachuca, that the Buffalo Soldiers trained to serve this country from the late 1800s until World War II.

The Buffalo Soldiers – a nickname given by the Indians – are credited with playing a vital role in the Indian Wars and helping to bring peace to this area of Southern Arizona, once part of the “Wild West.” This post was instrumental in the campaign against Geronimo, including his surrender, and the ongoing battle with Apache raiders.

Many of the military installation’s original buildings are still standing today, including the impressive officers’ homes lining historic Brown Parade Field and the nearby soldiers’ barracks, now used as offices.

Following Arizona’s acceptance as the 48th state in 1912, Oliver Fry staked his claim to land just outside of Fort Huachuca’s Main Gate. Fry Boulevard is named for Oliver’s son Erwin.

Since those early days, Sierra Vista has grown to become the economic center of Cochise County and Southern Arizona.

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