Historically, the Pomona area was situated along a trade route used by Native Americans, and was established by Europeans as part of a Mexican land grant in 1837. Transition to the United States followed, in which the grants were honored, but drought and taxation forced the rancho owners to foreclose; by 1870, the town, called Spadra, was owned by Louis Phillips. Up to this time cattle ranching was the primary local economic base, but in 1875 the Santa Fe Railroad laid track through the valley and Pomona, the Roman “Goddess of Fruit” was born. Incorporation came in 1888, and the economy was well on its way toward becoming citrus-based. Pomona was the spot of many technological firsts, including long distance transmissions of electricity, use of alternating current, and direct distance dialing — all of which had their beginnings in Pomona. Today, the City of Pomona leads the Pomona Valley in high-tech research and development. Progressive citizens and government leaders continue to work together to provide a business-friendly environment.