Eureka’s first known inhabitants were Shawnee Indians living on the banks of the Meramec River. The town was given its name by the builders of the Missouri Pacific Railroad. After miles of hilly and rocky land, they saw the flat land ahead of them and cried out, “Eureka!” (which translates to, “I found it.”)
Eureka was laid out as a village in 1858 and by 1890 had more than 100 homes, churches and a business district. In 1954 the town was incorporated as a 4th class city of approximately 2.7 square miles. Over the years the City has grown to 9.4 square miles and from a population of 817 in 1950 to nearly 10,000 today.